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About the study

How should doctors take patients’ signs and symptoms into account? What is the best method to determine kidney function in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease of 65 years and older? What do patients consider as important in deciding if (and when) dialysis should be started?

These are just a few of the questions that we hope to answer with the results of the EQUAL Study. Participating doctors in Germany, Italy, Sweden, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom will therefore ask patients of 65 years of age and older whose kidney function drops below 20 mL/min/1.73m2 for the first time while being under the care of a nephrologist for participation.

Most data we collect for our study are already collected for routine care, except for data such as;

  • 24-hour urine collection to measure renal function and two blood samples
  • Patient questionnaires (symptoms, quality of life, patient satisfaction)
  • Nephrologists’ reasons for starting or not (yet) starting dialysis
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